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Stained Glass of Percy Bacon

Menheniot, St Lalluwy

North Aisle 3: Arthurian Legends; 1925: Designer George Fellowes-Prynne

Stained glass window by Percy Bacon, depicting Knights of the Round Table; St Lalluwy's Church, Menheniot, Cornwall.

North Aisle 3: Sir Galahad, King Arthur & Sir Percival
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Posted 25 August 2022. Updated 09 February 2024.

From the apocryphal Acts of St Thomas illustrated in the adjacent Percy Bacon window (NA4), to folklore and legend in the next. This window of three lights and executed in 1925 follows a similar arrangement to his other windows in St Lalluwy's; a figure in each light, and in the predella, a scene from the figure's "life" or (more accurately in this case) legend. This arrangement is also used in a window in the north transept of St Columba's, St Columb Major.

The three figures from the Arthurian Legends represent Sir Galahad, King Arthur and Sir Percival. At the base of the lights; Sir Galahad and the Vision of the Holy Grail, King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table, and Sir Percival on horseback looking toward a fairy-tale castle (Avalon?). In the tracery, the arms of Leverton below a pelican in her piety, angels playing cymbals and the regimental cap badge of the Duke of Cornwall's Light infantry beneath a military cross inside a wreath.

The window is dedicated to Capt. Leslie Spry Leverton MC, 5th Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry who died in Livingston, Northern Rhodesia, 14th August 1924 aged 30 years. The window was donated by his parents, Rev Edward Spry and Jane Florence Leverton. The Rev Spry was vicar of Menheniot for 32 years. After the Great War where Capt Leverton was awarded the Military Cross and Bar, he trained as a solicitor with Messrs. Bond & Pearce of Plymouth. In 1921 he went on to serve the government of Northern Rhodesia as a junior solicitor, and died there from Tuberculosis in 1924. he is buried at Livingstone, which is now in Zambia1.

The window is unsigned.

Sir Galahad.
King Arthur.
Sir Percival (spelt 'Percivale' in the window.
Sir Galahad receeives the vision of the Holy Grail.
King Arthur and the Round table.
Sir Percival on horseback approaches a castle (Tintagel or Avalon?).
Tracery: Arms of Leverton.
Badge of the DCLI beneath a Military Cross inside a wreath.


North Aisle 2: Memorial Window: 1920 (Designer George Fellowes-Prynne)

Stained glass window by Percy Bacon; Memorial window, 1920; St Lalluwy's Church, Menheniot, Cornwall.

North Aisle 2: St Andrew, St George, St David.
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This three light window with simple tracery is a war memorial dedicated to Lt Henry Wallace Trelawny of the 1st Battalion, Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, who was killed in action at Beaurains, France 23rd October 19182. The arrangement of the window follows that of the other Percy Bacon windows in the north aisle, having a single figure in each light below which there is a scene from their lives.

The window depicts: St Andrew | St George | St David, all standing on pedestals and beneath them respectively: Andrew is called by Jesus to ministry | George defeats the dragon (beautifully rendered in white glass and yellow stain) | David converts the Welsh. These scenes use the same cartoons as those in north transept window in St Columba's, St Columb Major, also a war memorial3. Above the figures a scroll: "Be thou faithful unto death and I will give the a crown of life". It is likely that the figure of St George is a likeness of Lt Trelawny, as is the case in St Columb Major where George is also a likeness of the dedicatee.

In the tracery (left) the arms of the Duchy of Cornwall with motto "One And All" (adopted by the DCLI), and (right) Trelawny with motto "Corsona Sermoni Facta" (Deeds Match Words). In between angels hold the emblems of the sacraments.

These designs had previously been used at St Mark's, Woodcote.

The window is unsigned.


St Andrew.
St George with the likeness of Lt. Trelawny.
St David
Jesus calls Andrew to ministry.
St George slays the dragon.
St David converting the Welsh.
Tracery: Arms of the DCLI.
Tracery: Arms of Trelawny beneath a coronet.
Angels with the emblems of the sacrement.


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References: Use your browser's Back button to return to text.

  1. Cornwall Live website 22 Mar 2018.
  2. Imperial War Museum: Lives of the First World War.
  3. The scenes depicting St George slaying the dragon and Christ's call to St Peter were also used at St Mark's, Woodcote (Purley) in the St George and St Andrew window of 1915 in the north aisle.


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NGR: SX 28788 62818
Sat Nav Post Code: PL14 3RR

All text and photos © Alan Spencer, except where otherwise stated; All Rights Reserved